The class 10 was the last new steam locomotive developed for the Deutsche Bahn. Only two units were built. The 10 001 is the last remaining exemplar and today’s trademark of this museum.
After the currency reform, a steadily increasing demand for transportation was faced with an often outdated fleet of vehicles. The switch to electric and diesel locomotives was imminent, but not yet foreseeable. New steam locomotives were needed, including a new express locomotive with all the knowledge of modern steam locomotive construction for attractive and fast long-distance trains.
When the two class 10 units were completed in 1957/58, however, there was no longer any specific need for them. The two one-offs were all that remained. Just under 10 years later, the beautiful engines were taken out of service. Karl Ernst Maedel, the well-known author of numerous steam locomotive books, gave the class 10 the nickname "Black Swan".
|TYPE||2´C1´ h3 S 36.22|
|DRIVING WHEEL Ø||2 000 mm|
|TRAILING WHEEL FRONT Ø||1 000 mm|
|TRAILING WHEEL BACK Ø||1 000 mm|
|LENGTH OVER BUFFER||26 503 mm|
|TOP SPEED||140 km/h|
|INDICATED POWER||2 500 PS|
|BOILER OVERPRESSURE||18 kp/cm²|
|EVAPORATIVE HEATING SURFACE||216,4 m²|
|SUPERHEATER HEATING SURFACE||105,7 m²|
|CYLINDER Ø||480 mm|
|PISTON STROKE||720 mm|
|MAXIMUM AXIAL LOAD||22,4 Mp|
|FRICTION LOAD||65,6 Mp|
|SERVICE LOAD||118,9 Mp|
|TENDER||2´2´ T 40|
|MANUFACTURER||FRIEDRICH KRUPP GMBH, ESSEN|
|ACCEPTANCE||6 MAR. 1958|
|MILEAGE||1 MIO. km|