The 38 2383 was the penultimate P 8 Personenzuglok (passenger train locomotive) to leave the Deutsche Bahn after 55 years of service. Its advantage: its versatility. The P 8 was able to pull almost anything, from freight trains to express trains.
The P 8 class passenger steam locomotive was designed according to the specifications of the head of the Prussian locomotive department Robert Garbe. It was distinguished by its solid construction and economical consumption. Between 1906 and 1923, a total of 3,556 units were built for German administrations. Except for heavy express and freight service, it was used to pull any type of train. Its beneficial characteristics made the series indispensable for a long time.
The 38 2383 was built in 1919. In May/June 1972, the locomotive toured through Germany one last time to bid farewell. It was not until 1974 that it was decommissioned and came to the DDM.
|TYPE||2´C h2 P 35.17|
|DRIVING WHEEL Ø||1 750 mm|
|TRAILING WHEEL FRONT Ø||1 000 mm|
|LENGTH OVER BUFFER||
18 585 mm|
(WITH pr. 2´2´ T 21,5)
|TOP SPEED||100 km/h|
|INDICATED POWER||1 180 PS HP|
|BOILER OVERPRESSURE||12 kp/cm²|
|GRATE AREA||2,64 m²|
|EVAPORATIVE HEATING SURFACE||143,28 m²|
|SUPERHEATER HEATING SURFACE||58,9 m²|
|CYLINDER Ø||575 mm|
|PISTON STROKE||630 mm|
|MAXIMUM AXIAL LOAD||17,7 Mp|
|FRICTION LOAD||51,6 Mp|
|SERVICE LOAD||78,2 Mp|
|TENDER||pr. 2´2´ T 21,5|
|TOTAL PRODUCED||3 850|
|MANUFACTURER||HENSCHEL UND SOHN GMBH, KASSEL|
|FACTORY NUMBER||16 539|
|ACCEPTANCE||8 APR. 1919|
|MILEAGE||3.1 MIO. km|
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